A fuel cell is a device that generates electricity by a chemical reaction. Every fuel cell has two electrodes, one positive and one negative, called, respectively, the anode and cathode. The reactions that produce electricity take place at the electrodes. Hydrogen is the basic fuel, but fuel cells also require oxygen. One great appeal of fuel cells is that they generate electricity with very little pollution–much of the hydrogen and oxygen used in generating electricity ultimately combine to form a harmless byproduct, namely water.
When a chemical reaction leads to the production of mechanical energy it is called as Fuel Cell technology. Well, that isn’t as easy as it sounds, The basic workings of a fuel cell may not be difficult to illustrate. But building inexpensive, efficient, reliable fuel cells is a far more complicated business.
Well, why we are discussing it, After revolutionizing hybrid technology all across globe, Toyota has just rolled out the 2016 Toyota Mirai, the company’s first fuel-cell car. The Mirai, which literally means “future” in Japanese, the technology indeed sounds Futuristic. Toyota claims this is more energy efficient than internal combustion engines. Imagine all you have to do is fill your gas tank with some hydrogen cells and drive your car without carrying the guilt of spoiling the environment, because it emits water, Yes! You heard it right.
A hydrogen fuel cell car emits Water Vapours. Mirai goes 300 miles on a full tank. Toyota claims the fuel tank, which is reinforced with Kevlar, takes five minutes to fill. The car’s fuel-cells convert hydrogen to electricity. The maximum power output and for the stack in the Mirari that’s 153bhp (114kW) at 650 volts. Mirai clocks top speed of just 111mph and a 0-62 time of 9.6 seconds. The most limiting part of this project will be the Hydrogen stations. Toyota is working with French energy giant Air Liquide to create 12 hydrogen stations in New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.